The Climate Action Enhancement Package (CAEP)

Developing a climate change research agenda in Jamaica

Agosto 2020 -March 2021 

Jamaica is a member of the Small Island Developing States (SIDS) group. SIDS contributes less than 1% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions[1], while remaining exceptionally vulnerable to the negative effects of climate change (CC). In 2013, Jamaica’s total GHG represented 0.02% of the global GHG emissions, however, the country experiences the negative impacts of CC not only in terms of its natural and social capital but also in its economic development.


Jamaica´s energy matrix shows a distinct dependence on fossil fuels, which makes it challenging to move forward in complying with the NDC’s goals. However, the transformation of the energy matrix faces many challenges. For electricity generation the adoption of environmentally friendly technologies, for example, during the generation and storage of energy, is limited by the high costs involved in acquiring equipment, which limits its diffusion, in addition to facing grid integration problems. Furthermore, there is also the heavyweight of highly fuel-demanding activities within the economy where a majority of the energy consumption corresponds to transport and industry. This situation creates a need to consolidate research and technological development (R&TD) capacities[2] to guarantee adequate transfer assimilation and deployment of the acquired technology, in order to achieve an appropriate mastery of them.


The other major problem that merits urgent research contributions is assessing the impacts of climate change, and identification of adaptation options in order to address them. Jamaica is located among the countries of highest vulnerability and experiences important changes in various climatic parameters. It is imperative that the capacities to assess the potential impacts related to climate change risks are strengthened, as well as the development of knowledge on how to better adapt to them.


The CTCN technical assistance (TA) will support Jamaica’s efforts in achieving its NDCs, as well as Climate Change Policy Framework (CCPF), specifically by contributing to the definition of an R&TD agenda that considers two fundamental themes: (i) improvement and technological development aimed at increasing energy efficiency and reducing GHGs, and (ii) the expansion of both the production and use of knowledge to address climate change impact-related issues, as well as adaptation actions.


[1] Small Island nations at the frontline of climate action.

[2] Research and technological development (RTD), refers to innovative activities undertaken by corporations or governments in developing new services or products or improving existing services or products. Scientific research and technological development are the main activities which create and generate economic and social progress in the modern world (Wikipedia and Angela Timuş & Laura Afteni & Stela Rînja, 2007. “Scientific Research, Technological Development and Innovation as Parts of Sustainable Development,” Annals of the University of Petrosani, Economics, University of Petrosani, Romania, vol. 7, pages 319-323.)

Further information at CATIE:


Gracia María Lanza Castillo, PhD

Coordinadora Unidad de Economía, Ambiente y Agronegocios Sostenibles

Economia Ambiental y Agrícola

Gracia María Lanza Castillo, PhD

Coordinadora Unidad de Economía, Ambiente y Agronegocios Sostenibles

Gracia Lanza es la coordinadora de la Unidad Economía, Ambiente y Agronegocios Sostenibles (UEASS) del Centro de Investigación y Educación Superior Agrícola Tropical (CATIE). Es la Sub-directora del Centro de Medio Ambiente para el Desarrollo de Centroamérica (EfD-CA) y la gerente e investigadora del programa colaborativo del EfD "Manejo Sostenible de los Océanos y los Recursos Marinos".  Sus áreas de investigación incluyen el efecto de instrumentos de mercado, normas y redes sociales sobre el comportamiento ambiental de los individuos; así como el efecto de las características cognitivas y socio-económicas sobre la adopción de tecnologías amigables con el ambiente. Lidera el área de economía del desarrollo, circular  y del comportamiento.

Recibió su Ph.D. de la Universidad de Gottingen, Alemania, su Ph.D. La disertación se titula "The role of social capital in adoption of sustainable practices in Chile and Indonesia". La maestria en Ciencias Ambientales, con enfoque en Economía y Política Ambiental, la obtuvo de Wageningen University and Research Center. Es graduada de la Escuela Agrícola Panamericana - Zamorano- en Honduras. Además, tiene más de 15 años de experiencia en la implementación de proyectos de desarrollo, desempeñandose como Gerente de Proyectos y  Especialista en Cambio Climático Global de USAID/Honduras. Adicionalmente a colaborado con la EU, BID y GIZ en Honduras, Colombia, Estados Unidos, Chile, Holanda, Alemania y Costa Rica,

Actualmente está vinculada a los siguientes programas de investigación/desarrollo:

  • Costa Rica: análisis del efecto de los envases biodegradables en el consumo de plástico en el mercado mayorista: un experimento de campo en el mercado de agricultores costarricenses (EfD).
  • Chile: Reducción de la contaminación por desechos marinos al cambiar el comportamiento del hogar a través de la educación de la primera infancia.
  • Vietnam: respaldo de celebridades en la promoción del comportamiento proambiental
  • Líder del estudio de caso en el Municipio de Turrialba para implementar la economía circular: recomendación de mejoras mediante la implementación de instrumentos de economía del comportamiento, regulatorios y basados ​​en el mercado.
  • Honduras: Es la investigadora principal del proyecto de: "Fortalecimiento de las competencias de los agricultores para aumentar la resiliencia climática de las granjas de cacao: un ensayo de control aleatorio en Honduras".

Docencia: Imparte los cursos de valoración económica y métodos cuantitativos.